Pest Risk Analysis (PRA) is used by national plant protection organizations to assess the likelihood of new pests entering a country, establishing, spreading and causing harm. This tool provides a framework to compile the scientific evidence to justify phytosanitary measures aimed at preventing pest introductions whilst facilitating safe trade and travel. It is linked to around 20K pest and host datasheets and provides workflows to assess a plant commodity pathway or an individual pest.
The Invasive Species Compendium is an open-access knowledge base with global application to assess and manage invasive species – focussing on those with the greatest impacts on livelihoods and the environment. Content can be referenced and repurposed, and used to generate insightful species lists. It contains 13,000 datasheets, including 2,800 detailed datasheets with distribution maps, images, identification, biology and ecology, pathways of introduction, impacts and management information.
The insights of many research disciplines can illuminate and assist in solving the complex challenges associated with life on land. From a focus on regions, to new technologies or ecosystem modelling: research about all of these – and informed opinions too – can be found in our content across books, journals and magazines contained in this SDG hub.
Publishers mainly use plastic for shrink wrapping to protect books, magazines and journals during distribution and selling. However, some publishers have taken measures to reduce the use of plastic in their packaging. Springer Nature have in 2019 stopped wrapping all but the largest research books (where damage is more likely if unwrapped), reducing the number of units wrapped by 1.2 million and replaced two million plastic wallets, used for CDs, with paper alternatives.
In 2016, the Norwegian Publishers Association began to work on the topic “The green book trade.” Their goal has been to make it easier for publishers to choose their suppliers based on an internationally recognised set of criteria and guidelines. They developped a guide to the sustainable procurement of paper, an introduction on to procurement policies, a list of tools and measures to prevent the use of controversially sourced paper, and a system for rating individual books and paper quality.
‘Plastic Free: The Inspiring Story of a Global Environmental Movement and Why It Matters’ by Rebecca Prince-Ruiz and Joanna Atherfold-Finn is published by NewSouth in Australia. It is printed and packaged without using plastic. Dry trap varnish is used on the cover rather than plastic lamination. The reverse side of the board, effectively the rough, uncoated side, gives the cover added texture. Metal straps are used to secure the book boxes on pallets. All plastic shrink-wrapping is avoided.